The Battle of Cannae
The Battle of Cannae was a significant battle during the second Punic War ( 216 B.C.E.), fought between Rome and Carthage. A brilliant Cathiginian general named Hannibal led an attack on Italy by crossing the Alps and invading eastern Italy. The Roman army had heard of the intrusion, and engaged the Carthaginians at Cannae. The Roman army had far more troops than Hannibal had, and planned to use numbers and crush Hannibal's army head on. Hannibal anticipated this, and as the Romans charged, his plan took action. His infantry was centrally located on the battlefield, with his light cavalry on the flanks. When the Romans met Hannibal's infantry, they immediatley pushed the troops back, bending them like a bow. However, the Romans were tricked. While Hannibal's infantry pulled back, his cavalry closed in on the other side, trapping the Romans in a circle. This was the greatest defeat the Romans ever endured.